From military ruler to politician: The life of Pervez Musharraf
Updated Sunday Feb 05 2023
General (retd) Pervez Musharraf was Pakistan’s fourth military ruler, who stayed in power for nine years after overthrowing an elected government in a bloodless coup in 1999.
Later, when out of power, Musharraf was charged with high treason by a court in 2014 and sentenced to death in absentia in 2019. The death sentence was overturned by a high court in 2020.
Geo.tv provides a timeline of the highlights of his life.
1943 – Pervez Musharraf was born on August 11, 1943, in Delhi, British India, to Urdu speaking parents who later migrated to Pakistan.
1961 – He joined the Pakistan Military Academy in Kakul.
1998 – The soldier was promoted to general and appointed the chief of army staff by then-prime minister Nawaz Sharif.
1999 – Musharraf removed Sharif’s government in a bloodless coup, before announcing a state of emergency and suspending the constitution.
2001 – The army chief declared himself the president of Pakistan.
2002 – Musharraf reinstated the constitution but added a provision that gave him legal cover to stay president for another five years. The same year, a controversial parliamentary election was held in Pakistan under Musharraf’s military rule.
2003 – General (retd) Musharraf survived two separate assassination attempts by terrorists.
2007 – He sacked the then-chief justice of the Supreme Court, Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, initiating a country-wide protest movement. The same year, Musharraf’s rivals, Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto, returned from exile to contest the scheduled election. Musharraf imposed a state of emergency and suspended the constitution once again.
2008 – Musharraf’s parliamentary party lost the national polls, forcing him to resign to avoid impeachment. He then left the country for the United Kingdom.
2010 – He launched his own political party, the All Pakistan Muslim League.
2013 – The retired general returned to Pakistan to contest the general election.
2014 – He was charged with high treason.
2016 – Musharraf was allowed to travel to Dubai in order to seek medical attention overseas. He never returned to Pakistan.
2019 – A special court found Musharraf guilty of high treason and sentenced him in absentia to death.
2020 – A high court suspended the sentence awarded to Musharraf.
2022 – Reports were circulated of his death, however, they were denied by his party APML. The party had confirmed that he was being treated for amyloidosis.
February 5, 2023 – Musharraf passed away at the age of 79 in Dubai.