Govt increases tax rates for salaried class on IMF demand

12.5% tax rate for those earning Rs100,000-300,000 a month; 10% super tax slapped on 13 high-earning sectors

Mehtab Haider
Finance Minsiter Miftah Ismail delivers the budget widening speech in the National Assembly on June 24, 2022. Screengrab
Finance Minsiter Miftah Ismail delivers the budget widening speech in the National Assembly on June 24, 2022. Screengrab
  • Govt withdraws tax relief to salaried class announced on June 10.
  • FBR's collection target increased to Rs7,470 billion.
  • IMF expected to share draft of the MEFP next week on Monday.

ISLAMABAD: The coalition government Friday announced a revised tax deduction criteria for the salaried class on the demand of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) withdrawing relief given on June 10.

According to a The News report published Saturday, the tax collection target of the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) for the fiscal year 2022-23 has been increased to Rs7,470 billion — an addition of Rs466 billion.

The government, to collect the amount, took some drastic measures by increasing the tax rate on high-income earners to fetch Rs120 billion for poverty alleviation and Rs35 billion by raising tax rates for the salaried class.

The government slapped a 10% super tax on 13 high-earning sectors with a revenue impact of Rs80 billion for the next financial year 2022-23.

The exchange rate depreciation will also help the FBR to collect more taxes at the import stage in the budget for 2022-23, so with help of all these taxation measures, the tax collection target will be increased up to Rs7,470 billion.

Revised tax slabs

On Personal Income Tax (PIT), the government raised a tax amount of Rs80 billion as first the government abolished tax relief of Rs47 billion and then raised a tax amount of Rs35 billion, so the FBR was going to collect Rs235 billion from salaried class in the next budget against a collection of Rs200 billion in the outgoing fiscal year.

The PTI-led government had made a commitment with the IMF for raising the tax amount of Rs335 billion through an increased rate of slabs for the salaried class but the PDM-led coalition government convinced the IMF for collecting Rs100 billion less than agreed by the previous PTI-led government with the IMF.

For the salaried class, the government proposed a tax rate of 2.5% for income brackets of Rs50,000 to Rs100,000. For income earners from Rs100,000 to Rs300,000 on monthly basis, the proposed tax rate jacked up to 12.5%.

Where the taxable income exceeds Rs3,600,000 but does not exceed Rs6,000,000, the FBR proposed to jack up the tax rate from 17.5% to 20%. Where the taxable income exceeds Rs6,000,000 but does not exceed Rs12,000,000, the FBR tax rate is proposed to be increased from 22.5% to 25%.

Where the taxable income exceeds Rs12,000,000, the FBR will charge a tax amount of Rs2,004,000 plus 32.5% of the amount exceeding Rs12,000,000 on a per annum basis. For the above income, the FBR proposed a tax rate of 35%.

IMF agreement

The Ministry of Finance high-ups disclosed to The News on Friday that all IMF’s demands on the fiscal front were almost fulfilled and now it was expected that the Fund staff would share a draft of the Memorandum of Financial and Economic Policies (MEFP) next week on Monday.

The IMF and the Ministry of Finance as well as the State Bank of Pakistan are holding parleys continuously. Finance Minister Miftah Ismail also chaired a meeting related to the government’s strategy for hiking power tariffs.

The Fund has objected to the government’s estimates of allocating Rs225 billion for Price Differential Claims (PDCs) for the next budget as the IMF assessed that it might escalate to over Rs350 to Rs450 billion.

The fuel price adjustment for May 2022 has been estimated at Rs8 per unit while it may go up further for June 2022. The increased prices of RLNG in the international market have increased woes of cash bleeding power sector as the price of furnace oil and coal also went up, thus, increasing generation cost manifold.

Super Tax

The Poverty Alleviation Tax, a one-time tax, which was levied at the rate of 2% of the income of over Rs300 million through the Finance Bill on June 10, 2022, has been proposed to amend as a 1% tax on the income between Rs150 million to 199.99 million, 2% tax on the income between Rs200 million to 249.99 million, 3% tax on the income between Rs250 million to 299.99 million and 4% tax on the income of 300 million and above.

Earlier, the government estimated to generate Rs37 billion with these taxation measures but now it jacked up its estimates up to Rs120 billion.

The net addition will be standing at Rs80 billion only.

The government slapped a 10% super tax on 13 big industries including cement, sugar, steel, oil and gas, RLNG Terminal, textiles, banking, auto industry, tobacco, fertilizer, aviation, chemicals and beverages.

The government has proposed a tax on jewellery shops as on-premises of shops, it has been fixed at Rs40,000 per shop of jewellery. There are nearly 30,000 jewellery shops and only a few shops are registered. The Withholding Tax on the sale of gold by consumers was cut to 1% from 4%.