Thursday Dec 08, 2022
Foreign exchange reserves held by the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) plunged to an alarming level after falling 10.45% to a four-year low.
The foreign currency reserves held by the SBP were recorded at $6,714.9 million as of December 2, down $784 million compared with $7,825.7 on November 25, data released by the central bank showed.
It should be noted that the country’s foreign exchange reserves have fallen below the $7 billion level for the first time since January 2019.
The current reserves stand at around $6.7 billion — almost equal to $6.6 billion on January 18, 2019.
Overall liquid foreign currency reserves held by the country — including net reserves held by banks other than the SBP — stood at $12,581.7 million.
Net reserves held by banks amounted to $5,866.8 million. The central bank attributed the decline to the payment of $1,000 million against maturing Pakistan International Sukuk and some other external debt repayments.
The SBP mentioned that some of the debt repayments were offset by inflows, mainly $500 million received from Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
With the current foreign exchange reserves position, Pakistan has an import cover of less than one month.
The $6.7 billion reserves are not enough to service the $8.8 billion principal and interest payments during the January-March period of the current fiscal year.
Commenting on the severity of the dollar crunch, the Ministry of Finance’s former adviser Dr Khaqan Hassan Najeeb, said that it is important to consider that Pakistan has only received $4 billion dollars in the last five months (July-November 2022) — this is beside the rollover.
“The slow inflow of funds, heavy payments — including Sukuk payment — and a less than satisfactory financial account have all added pressure on the reserves which now barely cover a month and 10 days of import payment,” he stated.
The economist added that depleting foreign reserves hurt the confidence of both domestic and foreign investors, keeps markets jittery and add pressure on the foreign exchange markets.
“Pakistan needs to immediately ensure that the ninth review of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is completed and fund flows from bilateral and multilateral donors for projects are received immediately to shore up our reserves,” he suggested.