Tuesday, November 02, 2021

Lahore among most polluted cities in world, smog soars to hazardous level

Sudden increase in smog raises serious questions over performance of Environmental Protection Agency

Smog soars to hazardous level in Lahore. Photo: Geo.tv/ file
Smog soars to hazardous level in Lahore. Photo: Geo.tv/ file   
  • Air Quality Index (AQI) reaches 289 in Lahore Monday.
  • Smog engulfs provincial metropolis, blurring vision and causing serious health problems for citizens.
  • Primary and secondary healthcare department secretary urges citizens to wear masks, goggles while going out.

LAHORE: The Air Quality Index (AQI) Monday reached 289 in Lahore, which put the city on the list of the most polluted cities in the world.

Smog has engulfed the provincial metropolis, blurring vision and causing serious health problems for citizens. 

The sudden increase in smog has raised serious questions over the performance of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Environmental Protection Department (EPD), which seemed to fail in implementing the standard operating procedures to counter smog, The News reported.

Number of furnaces in Lahore contribute to rising air pollution

Sources in the EPA revealed that a number of furnaces in the northern side of Lahore were operating at night and used sub-standard fuel and material, such as rubber tyres, plastic and other materials, which contributed to the rising air pollution.

The sources said a half-hearted campaign was started against smoke emitting vehicles in the city and EPA’s claims of using safe city cameras to take action against smoke emitting vehicles was just a statement.

Increase in fine particles (PM 2.5) were the main cause of reduced visibility (haze) in Lahore on Monday and several citizens on the streets interviewed by the scribe claimed they were feeling irritation in their eyes, difficulty in breathing and throat irritation followed by cough.

As per the report released by EPD’s spokesperson, the AQI level in the city on Monday was 289, which as per their standards comes under “moderately polluted”. As per USA standards, an AQI level between 201-300 is “very unhealthy” and health warnings of emergency conditions should be issued because the entire population is more likely to be affected.

The EPA has only one mobile van, which can monitor a level of PM 2.5, while rest of its eight fixed stations in the metropolis are either non-functional or not able to detect PM 2.5.

On the other hand, Lahore District Officer (Environment) Ali Ejaz claimed that smog was coming from India due to massive crop burning. On Monday, the AQI of Amritsar in India was 189, while Lahore’s AQI was 289, which didn’t match with his statement.

Over a question about action against polluting industries, he said EPA was taking regular action against industries. He said that out of over 300 steel furnaces, 60% were already closed down or shifted outside Lahore.

He said six industries were inspected on Monday, out of which three were sealed over violation of SOPs. He further said that 166 vehicles were checked, out of which 44 were fined and three impounded.

The News called both EPD Secretary Mubashar Hussain and EPA Director-General Ambreen Sajid, but they didn’t attend the call nor did they reply to text messages.

Health experts said that the size of particles was directly linked to its potential to cause health problems. Small particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter pose the greatest problems because they can go deep into the lungs and some may even get into the bloodstream. “Exposure to such particles can affect both [the] lungs and heart,” said Dr Tariq Chishti, a general physician.

He said numerous scientific studies have linked particle pollution exposure to a variety of problems, including premature death in people with heart or lung disease, non-fatal heart attacks, irregular heartbeat, aggravated asthma, decreased lung function, increased respiratory symptoms, such as irritation of the airways, coughing or difficulty breathing.

Dr Chishti advised people with heart or lung diseases, children and adults were most likely to be affected by particle pollution exposure and they should remain indoor during smog season.

Smog soars to hazardous levels in Lahore

Talking to journalists, Primary and Secondary Healthcare Department Secretary Imran Sikandar Baloch said that smog soared to hazardous levels in Lahore.

"Directions have been issued to activate smog counters at the hospitals in the city,” he shared.

Urging the citizens to wear masks and goggles while going out, the official said that that smog could cause eye irritation, a sore throat and difficulty in breathing.