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Tuesday Nov 10 2020
By
Web Desk

Pfizer, BioNtech's coronavirus vaccine not suitable for Pakistan: Dr Atta ur Rehman

By
Web Desk

Chairman of Prime Minister’s Taskforce on Science and Technology Dr Atta ur Rehman on Tuesday remarked that the Pfizer vaccine, being celebrated worldwide, is not suitable for Pakistan.

“This vaccine is not suitable for Pakistan in my opinion,” the former head of the HEC told Geo Pakistan, and warned that it was “too early to celebrate” the news regarding the Pfizer vaccine.

“We should not think much about this vaccine, instead focus on other vaccines that are being developed and have seen similar results but havn't been announced with fanfare. They are working quietly,” said Dr Rehman.

Explaining his reasoning, the scientist said he was cautious because he believes that the vaccine has “five problems” to deal with right now.

“The first problem is that the FDA has not given the approval, the regulatory bodies have to approve and will take two months,” said Dr Rehman. He added that the regulatory bodies will have to see the results first then allow the company to move on to the next stage of the vaccine finalisation process.

The other problem that the scientist highlighted was that the vaccine needs to be kept at a temperature of -80 °C, which in his view was a major problem for third world countries, including Pakistan.

Read more: What are the latest efforts to find treatment or vaccine for COVID-19?

The former HEC chairman said that the third world countries, including Pakistan, do not have the “cold chain” that will allow them to transport the vaccine in -80°C temperatures from the point of origin to the hospitals.

He added that giving two doses of the vaccine also make it difficult to rely on the vaccine.

“The third biggest problem is that you do not know how many days it is effective,” said Dr Rehman. He explained that right now there was no “evidence, or any result” that has been seen by Pfizer and BioNTech to determine its effectiveness.

“In the beginning it is effective but [you don’t know] for how many months the anti-bodies remain in your body,” said Dr Rehman.

The other two problems shared by Dr Rehman was of large scale production which he feels would take a year to reach subject to the vaccine passing all the steps required. The last problem he shared was of the price of the vaccine

Read more: Pakistanis urged to take part in Phase 3 trial of COVID-19 vaccine

Chinese vaccines showing good results

Dr Rehman, told Geo Pakistan, that 11 other vaccines, apart from the Pfizer one, are in phase 3 clinical trials.

The scientist explained that Pakistan which is administering trials of two Chinese vaccines were also showing positive results.

“One Chinese vaccine, by Sinopharm, is also in phase 3 clinical trials and has seen good results in multiple countries but they have not highlighted it like Pfizer and are working quietly,” said Dr Rehman. He added that the trial of the vaccine is being administered in Karachi University’s International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences and Indus Hospital.

The Task Force chairman also said that the company has also committed to giving the vaccine to Pakistan at “reasonable rates”. He also shared that another Chinese vaccine’s phase 3 clinical trial is being administered at the National Institute of Health.

Dr Rehman also explained that Chinese vaccines can also be transported in normal temperatures and do not have to be kept at -80°C degrees which he believes makes it better “suited for Pakistan and third world countries”

“There are 12 company’s who’s vaccine are in phase 3 of clinical trial and Pfizer was one of them. And Chinese companies are ahead,” said Dr Rehman.

Read more: Second coronavirus wave more lethal, warns Pakistan Medical Association

Pfizer coronavirus vaccine over 90% effective, says manufacturer

Large-scale trials of a coronavirus vaccine candidate produced by Pfizer/BioNTech has revealed that it is 90% effective, said the manufacturer in a statement on Monday.

In what is being touted as possibly the biggest news regarding the virus ever since it originated, the vaccine's effectiveness can mean in can hit the markets for treatment by the year's end in some countries of the world.

The study shows that people who received two doses as part of the trial saw 90% fewer symptomatic cases of COVID-19 than participants who were given a placebo.

"Today is a great day for science and humanity. The first set of results from our phase 3 COVID-19 vaccine trial provides the initial evidence of our vaccine’s ability to prevent Covid-19,” said Dr Albert Bourla, the Pfizer chairman and chief executive. 

Read more: As Sindh reports reinfections, here's everything you need to know about COVID-19 immunity

The study focused on 94 participants out of a total number of 43,000 people. These participants were offered the two-dose vaccine and 28 days after they received their first inoculation, remained protected.

"To me, this is the best possible outcome,” Ugur Sahin, co-founder and chief executive of BioNTech told the Financial Times.

Pfizer expects to produce 50 million vaccine doses in 2020 and up to 1.3 billion doses by 2021.