Wednesday Nov 11, 2020
KARACHI: The MDCAT 2020 examinations have been cancelled as the Sindh High Court (SHC) on Wednesday ordered the Pakistan Medical Commission (PMC) to form an academic board and examination authority and finalise the syllabus for the Medical and Dental College Admission Test before asking the candidates to appear for the test.
Following a hearing earlier today, the SHC underlined that since the National Medical & Dental Academic Board had not been formed under the Pakistan Medical Commission Act, 2020, the "MDCAT cannot be conducted".
According to the court ruling, the Board will have "the powers to formulate the examination structure and standards for the MDCAT for approval of the Council".
The SHC further criticised a notification issued October 23, 2020, by the PMC regarding the syllabus, in which it said candidates would have the option to mark any questions they believed were beyond the syllabus in an objection form to be provided at the examination center, saying it "created uncertainty and gross confusion and perplexity in the minds of all applicants" and terming it "unreasonable and nonstandard".
"This is quite a unique idea that every applicant will be provided objection form at the time of entering into examination hall, so first he should be obliged to do audit exercise as to how many questions are out of his syllabus.
"Much time of the candidate would be lapsed and consumed to go through the entire question paper as an examiner and then filling the objection forms.
"No further mechanism has been provided in the above announcement as to how and when the students appearing in the MDCAT will come to know whether objections raised by them were considered and the question considered by them to be outside the identified syllabus have been removed from scoring or not.
"Such unreasonable and nonstandard conditions amount to create hardship, distress and uncertainty amongst the candidates and their future is also on stake unless the proper syllabus is made out by the competent authority with due deliberation and examination of FSC syllabus of the country to make out a common syllabus without any doubts so that the candidates should not be asked to fill objection forms in the examination hall," the order read.
According to the court, orders issued by the PMC earlier for temporary appointment of members of the National Medical Authority were "beyond the scope and compass of the said transitory provision".
"The constitution of the commission is provided under Section 3 of the PMC Act 2020. According to sub-section 4 of Section 3 of the Act, the Pakistan Medical Commission is consist of (a) the Medical and Dental Council; (b) the National Medical and Dental Academic Board and (c) the National Medical Authority consisting of members as provided under Section 15," it said.
"In the absence of a validly constituted National Medical Authority and not constituting the National Medical & Dental Academic Board, the Pakistan Medical Commission is restrained from holding the MDCAT scheduled to be conducted on 15-11-2020.
"However, the competent authority under Sections 10 and 15 of the PMC Act, 2020 shall within 15 days hereof appoint the National Medical & Dental Academic Board and the National Medical Authority in line with the said provisions; thereafter, within 10 days, the National Medical & Dental Academic Board shall review the formulation of the examination structure and standards for the MDCAT and announce common syllabus thereafter MDCAT shall be conducted through National Medical Authority on a date to be fixed and announced afresh at the earliest.
"All applicants who had applied to the PMC and their application forms were accepted before the cut-off date shall be allowed to attend the MDCAT with their same registration and admit cards if any issued to them."
The Sindh High Court also lambasted the fact that the Board could not be constituted just because there was no representative from the government of Sindh.
"The Sindh Government failed to nominate their representative to the National Medical & Dental Academic Board, and therefore the Board was not constituted. It is beyond comprehension that merely due to no nomination by the Government of Sindh the Board could not be constituted despite it is clearly provided [...] that no act done by the Board shall be invalid on the ground merely of existence of any vacancy in or any defect in the constitution of the Board.
Towards the end of its judgement, the court wrote: "The Medical & Dental Council shall make Regulation to set criteria for admission priority in the scenario where marks/score of applicants are the same/equal."
Human rights activist Jibran Nasir also shared the news, congratulating the students.
"Students already registered will be eligible to sit for MDCAT," Nasir said on Twitter.
Earlier in the day, during the hearing, the PMC informed the bench that the entry tests were scheduled for November 15. "The students have been informed via text messages. Roll number and admit cards have also been issued," the body's legal counsel said.
A lawyer representing the students confirmed and added that students were told to collect admit cards.
The counsel for the National Testing Service (NTS) said his client incurred losses due to the high court's October 17 decision to postpone the test. "We need compensation."
In October, the high court had restrained the government of Sindh from holding entry tests for medical and dental universities and colleges. The decision came on a set of petitions filed when a conflict emerged between federal and provincial authorities over the admission policy.
The PMC moved the high court seeking permission to allow the MDCAT to be conducted on October 18 while pre-medical students approached the bench seeking a restraining order against it.