PHC CJ decries favouritism after being snubbed for SC elevation

Justice Muhammad Ibrahim Khan asks CJP why he wasn't considered despite "seniority, eligibility and availability of vacancies" in SC

Amjad Safi
PHC Chief Justice Mohammad Ibrahim Khan. — Peshawar High Court/Website
PHC Chief Justice Mohammad Ibrahim Khan. — Peshawar High Court/Website

  • PHC CJ questions "solitary elevation" of ex-Balochistan CJ.
  • He notes SC has 3 judges from Balochistan, but only 2 from KP.
  • Judge's letter seeks clarification and assurance of merit.

PESHAWAR: Peshawar High Court Chief Justice Muhammad Ibrahim Khan has lamented favouritism after he did not find his name in the list of judges being considered for elevation to the Supreme Court, The News reported on Thursday.

The chief justice, in a letter to Chief Justice of Pakistan Qazi Faez Isa, noted that he was expecting his candidature to be at least included in the list for consideration owing to his seniority, eligibility and availability of vacancies in the apex court.

The PHC chief justice, in his letter, wrote: "I am writing to your Lordship with a heavy heart and a sense of disillusionment in relation to prima facie arbitrariness, discrimination and favouritism in the appointment of judges in the Supreme Court of Pakistan."

He added about bringing the matter to the CJP's attention with "utmost respect for your esteemed position and the principles of fairness and meritocracy that our judicial system purports to uphold".

Justice Ibrahim maintained that while there were four vacancies in the SC, only one vacancy was filled by appointing the then-Balochistan High Court Chief Justice Naeem Akhtar Afghan.

“It was a profound disappointment when I learnt that only one judge and that too from your own province, was appointed in the Supreme Court despite the fact that there were four vacancies. I am genuinely happy for my brother Mr Justice Naeem Akhtar Afghan but why my candidacy was not considered notwithstanding my seniority, eligibility and availability of vacancies in the Supreme Court,” he added.

Justice Ibrahim said that he is the second senior most chief justice among the chief justices of all high courts in Pakistan.

"I am also a member of the Judicial Commission of Pakistan (JCP) and Supreme Judicial Council of Pakistan. I had legitimate expectation that my candidature would be at least included in the list for consideration to be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Had I not been found fit to be appointed as Judge of Supreme Court after due process by the Judicial Commission of Pakistan, I would have happily accepted the JCP’s decision," his letter read.

He expressed the belief that considering the substantial backlog, the CJP might feel inclined or even obligated to promptly fill the vacancies, particularly given the sentiment among the countrymen that they are being deprived of swift justice.

“The taxpayers, who pay for our salaries, expect that vacancies are filled immediately so that the court may operate at full strength and dispense justice. There is a duty to act diligently. This decision of solitary appointment has left me perplexed and seeking genuine answers. I have been thinking about possible reasons for not filling the vacancies but no logical and persuasive reason could come to mind,” he added.

Justice Ibrahim mentioned that he had been faithfully serving for 31 years, characterised by steadfast commitment, dedication, and numerous contributions that, in his opinion, not only benefited the community but also upheld the highest standards of the judicial system.

“Throughout my service, I have endeavoured to embody the virtues of integrity, impartiality, and a steadfast commitment to justice, principles I believed would naturally pave the way for recognition and career advancement based on merit. I have been deciding high-profile cases amidst peculiar law and order situation and political turmoil in our motherland wherein my commitment to uphold the rule of law and supremacy of constitution has been unshakable and unyielding,” the top judge wrote.

“My dedication to serve the masses and uproot injustice in each and every form, whatsoever, has been a source of personal pride and a testament to my commitment to the values, we hold dear in our profession. Similarly, it is yet a distinction that, while referring to my 31 years’ judicial career wherein, I can safely hold my integrity before Almighty Allah that I have only performed to the best of my conscious, within the legal premise and without any fear or favour.”

Chief Justice PHC expressed his “surprise and deep concern” over the decision to not even consider his candidacy for elevation, particularly in light of his dedication, performance, and contributions to the judiciary. The PHC CJ said the CJP had written a letter to the then CJP Umar Ata Bandial in July 2022. Justice Ibrahim went on to quote some “inspiring words” from that letter.

He reminded the CJP that he had said, “All appointments must be made in accordance with the Constitution, on the basis predetermined and non-discriminatory criteria. And above all without any favouritism.”

The PHC CJ further quoted the CJP as having said, “Not to act arbitrarily and (…) arrogance (takabbur) and ego (anaa) is abhorred by Almighty Allah. (…) The CJ further discriminates by excluding for his kind consideration Chief Justice and Judges from the Balochistan High Court and the Chief Justice and Judges from Islamabad high court.”

“I appreciate that decisions of appointing judges in the superior courts are complex and multifaceted, involving considerations that may not always be apparent to all. Nevertheless, in the spirit of transparency, the norms of fairness, and the continued trust in our judicial system, I take the honour to question as to what prompted the solitary elevation of my brother Justice Naeem Akhtar Afghan when three vacancies were and are still vacant where as none other was considered,” he said.

Justice Ibrahim said that it is also mind-boggling that presently, there are three honourable judges in the Supreme Court of Pakistan from Balochistan whereas from the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, there are only two.

“Therefore, while comparing the two provinces on any analogy whatsoever, desirably there would be one more vacancy for the province of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. It seems that allocation of seats of Hon’ble Judges in Supreme Court is out of proportion giving rise to a genuine discontentment in provinces especially Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa which, in size as well as in terms of portfolio of cases, has enormously swelled after merger of the erstwhile FATA.”

“Unfortunately, I lack the personal connections that often play a role in such elevations. This lack of advocacy or lobbying on my behalf should not be a deterrent to recognising the merit and the commitment that I have demonstrated towards upholding justice.

"And it is with this faith that I am constrained by my conscience to pen down the facts before your lordship, the Hon’ble Judges and my Supreme Institution before I lay off the robes. It isn’t a far cry as I am deeply contented within my heart and whatever is destined for me by Allah the Almighty shall be a blessing.”

He stated that his purpose in writing the letter was not to directly challenge the decision made, but rather to seek clarification and assurance that the principles of merit, fairness, and equality of opportunity are being maintained.

“I am confident that your Lordship would not hold it against me as you have been vocal in raising voice against arbitrariness, discrimination and favouritism through letters one of which I have cited above. I am fully committed to my constitutional duty. with the hope that my efforts and contributions will be recognised and rewarded by Allah Almighty in this world and thereafter, Insha’Allah,” he concluded.